Nitish Kumar is an Indian politician. He is the present Chief Minister of Bihar, a state in India, since 2015 and has served in that role on five previous occasions. He has also served as a minister in the Union Government of India.
Kumar is a member of the Janata Dal (United) political party. He endeared himself to Biharis, used to low expectations from previous regimes, when as Chief Minister, his socialist policies bore dividends in appointing more than 100,000 school teachers, ensuring that doctors worked in primary health centres, electrification of villages, paving of roads, cutting female illiteracy by half, turning around a lawless state by cracking down on criminals and doubling the income of the average Bihari.
On 17 May 2014, Kumar resigned, taking responsibility for his party’s poor performance in the 2014 general elections, and was succeeded by Jitan Ram Manjhi. However, he returned to office in February 2015 following a political crisis in Bihar and won the state elections of November 2015. He was elected as the national president of his party on 10 April 2016. He resigned again on 26 July 2017 as Chief Minister of Bihar due to differences with the coalition partner, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), following the naming of Tejashwi Yadav, the Deputy Chief Minister and RJD member, in a First Information Report alleging corruption filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation. Hours later, he joined the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) coalition, which had thus far been the opposition, and secured a majority in the assembly. He became Chief Minister again on the following day.
|Real Name||Nitish Kumar|
|Famous for||Chief Minister of Bihar|
|Date of Birth||01-Mar-51|
|Age(as in 2020)||69 years|
|Home Town||Bakhtirpur, Bihar, India|
|School||Shree Ganesh High School, Bakhtiarpur, Patna Science College, Patna|
|College/University||Bihar College of Engineering, Patna|
|Hobbies||Reading and Watching films|
Birth & Early Life
Nitish Kumar was born on 1 March 1951 in Bakhtiarpur, Bihar. His father, Kaviraj Ram Lakhan Singh, was an ayurvedic practitioner; his mother was Parmeshwari Devi.
Kumar earned a degree in mechanical engineering from Bihar College of Engineering (now NIT Patna) in 1972. He joined the Bihar State Electricity Board, half-heartedly, and later moved into politics. He married Manju Kumari Sinha on 22 February 1973 and has one son.
Nitish Kumar belongs to a socialist class of politicians. During his early years as a politician he was associated with the likes of Jayaprakash Narayan, Ram Manohar Lohia, S. N. Sinha, Karpuri Thakur and V. P. Singh. Kumar participated in Jayaprakash Narayan’s movement between 1974 and 1977.
Kumar was briefly, the Union Minister for Railways and Minister for Surface Transport and later, the Minister for Agriculture in 1998–99, in the NDA government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In August 1999, he resigned following the Gaisal train disaster, for which he took responsibility as a minister. However, in his short stint as Railway Minister, he brought in widespread reforms, such as internet ticket booking facility in 2002, opening a record number of railway ticket booking counters and introducing the tatkal scheme for instant booking.
Later that year, he rejoined the Union Cabinet as Minister for Agriculture. From 2001 to May 2004, he was – again – the Union Minister for Railways. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, he contested elections from two places, when he was elected from Nalanda but lost from his traditional constituency, Barh.
Chief Minister of Bihar
Kumar’s government also initiated bicycle and meal programs. Giving bicycles to girls who stayed in school resulted in the state getting a huge number of girls into schools and a reduction in school dropout rates.
In 2010, Kumar’s party swept back to power along with its then allies, the Bharatiya Janata Party, and he again became Chief Minister. The alliance won 206 seats, while the RJD won 22. For the first time, electorates witnessed high turnout of women and young voters, while this was declared as the fairest election in Bihar, with no bloodshed or poll violence.
On 17 May 2014, Kumar submitted his resignation to the Governor of Bihar, a day after his party fared poorly in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, winning just 2 seats against 20 seats in the previous election. Kumar resigned, taking the moral responsibility of his party’s poor performance in the election, and Jitan Ram Manjhi took over.
Kumar again became Chief Minister on 22 February 2015, on the backdrop of upcoming 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election, considered to be his toughest election to date. His JD(U), along with RJD and Congress, formed the Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance) to counter the BJP in Bihar.
Kumar campaigned aggressively during the elections for the Grand Alliance, countering the allegations raised by Narendra Modi and the BJP. The Grand Alliance won the Assembly election by a margin of 178 over the BJP and its allies, with RJD emerging as the largest party with 80 seats and JD(U) placed second with 71. Kumar was sworn in as Chief Minister on 20 November 2015 for a record fifth time and Tejashwi Yadav became Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar.
Kumar’s campaign was managed by the Indian Political Action Committee (I-PAC) who were hired to managed the campaign for JD(U). I-PAC designed the campaign strategy which included reaching out to a larger set of voters through innovative campaigns, including sending hundreds of branded cycles for outreach, Har Ghar Dastak (door-to-door outreach) and the DNA campaign.
When corruption charges were leveled against Tejashwi Yadav, the Deputy Chief Minister, Kumar asked for him to resign from the cabinet. The RJD refused to countenance this and so, in order to protect his clean image and zero tolerance towards corruption, Kumar resigned on 26 July 2017, thus ending the Grand Alliance. He joined the principal opposition, the NDA, and came back to power within a few hours.
Favorite things of Nitish Kumar
|Favorite TV Show||Not Known|
|Favorite Singer||Not Known|
|Favorite Sport||Not Known|
Marital Status and More
|Controversies||Broke the alliance with RJD and INC and with in 24 hrs he formed the government in Bihar with the support of BJP and NDA.|
|Salary (Approx.)||INR 1 Lac + Allowances|
|Net Worth||INR 2 Crore (approx)|
Social Media Presence
Nitish Kumar was born in an OBC (Kurmi) Family. His father, Ram Lakhan Singh, was an ayurvedic practitioner. His mother, Parmeshwari Devi, was a homemaker. He has a brother, Satish Kumar. He has three sisters, Usha Devi, Indu Devi, and Prabha Devi.
Nitish Kumar was married to Manju Kumari Sinha on 22 February 1973. They have a son together, Nishant Kumar. His wife passed away on 14 March 2007 at the age of 53, after a prolonged illness at Max Hospital, New Delhi. She was a teacher in a Government high school.
Awards & Honors
- Anuvrat Puraskar, by Shwetambar Terapanthi Mahasabha (Jain organisation), for enforcing total prohibition on liquor in Bihar, 2017
- JP Memorial Award, Nagpur’s Manav Mandir, 2013
- Ranked 77th in Foreign Policy Magazine’ top 100 global thinkers 2012
- XLRI, Jamshedpur Sir Jehangir Ghandy Medal for Industrial & Social Peace 2011
- “MSN Indian of the Year 2010”
- NDTV Indian of the Year – Politics, 2010
- The Best Chief Minister, according to the CNN-IBN and Hindustan Times State of the Nation Poll 2007
Some Facts about Nitish Kumar
- In his younger days, he was highly influenced by Jayaprakash Narayan, Ram Manohar Lohia, Karpoori Thakur, S N Sinha and V.P. Singh.
- From 1974 to 1977, he was part of the JP Movement.
- In 1985, he was first elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly as an independent candidate.
- There are 2 biographies written on him: “Single Man: The Life And Times of Nitish Kumar of Biharby Sankarshan Thakur and & Nitish Kumar and The Rise of Bihar” by Arun Sinha.
- His only son, Nishant is a graduate from Birla Institute of Technology (BIT), Mesra.
- His work as the Union minister for railways from 1998 to 2004 was highly appreciated as he improved the condition of the railways during his tenure.
- His son, Nishant is 3 times richer than him.
- He received awards like ‘Business Reformer of the Year’and ‘The Best Politician of the Year.’
- His father, Kaviraj Ram Lakhan Singh was a freedom fighter in the struggle for India’s independence.
- His father left the Indian National Congress (INC) and joined the Janata Party because he wasn’t given a party ticket to contest in general elections of 1952.
- He introduced the Jankari Scheme, the electronic version of the RTI Act in Bihar.
- On 26 July 2017, he resigned as the Chief Minister of Bihar after breaking the alliance with RJD and INC.
- On 27 July 2017, fewer than 24 hours after resigning from the post of the Chief Minister of Bihar, Nitish Kumar sworn in as the Chief Minister of Bihar for the 6th time after with the support of the BJP and the NDA.